1 the feeling that comes when something burdensome is removed or reduced; "as he heard the news he was suddenly flooded with relief" [syn: alleviation, assuagement]
2 the condition of being comfortable or relieved (especially after being relieved of distress); "he enjoyed his relief from responsibility"; "getting it off his conscience gave him some ease" [syn: ease]
3 (law) redress awarded by a court; "was the relief supposed to be protection from future harm or compensation for past injury?"
4 someone who takes the place of another (as when things get dangerous or difficult); "the star had a stand-in for dangerous scenes"; "we need extra employees for summer fill-ins" [syn: stand-in, substitute, reliever, backup, backup man, fill-in]
5 assistance in time of difficulty; "the contributions provided some relief for the victims" [syn: succor, succour, ministration]
6 a pause for relaxation; "people actually accomplish more when they take time for short rests" [syn: respite, rest, rest period]
8 aid for the aged or indigent or handicapped; "he has been on relief for many years"
9 the act of reducing something unpleasant (as pain or annoyance); "he asked the nurse for relief from the constant pain" [syn: easing, easement, alleviation]
10 sculpture consisting of shapes carved on a surface so as to stand out from the surrounding background [syn: relievo, rilievo, embossment, sculptural relief]
11 the act of freeing a city or town that has been besieged; "he asked for troops for the relief of Atlanta"
- the removal of stress or discomfort
- the feeling associated with the removal of stress or dicomfort
- something that relieves
- the person who takes over a shift for another
- Officer Schmidt can finally go home because his relief has arrived.
- aid or assistance offered in time of need
- court-ordered compensation, aid, or protection, a redress
- tax savings.
- a type of artwork in which shapes or figures protrude from a flat background
- the difference made noticeable by a variation in light or color
- the different elevations of the earth's surface
removal of stress or discomfort
- Chinese: 解除 (jiě chú)
- Czech: úleva
- Dutch: opluchting
- Finnish: helpotus
- French: soulagement, allégement
- German: Erleichterung
- Greek: ανακούφιση
- Hebrew: הקלה (hɑkɑlɑ)
- Italian: sollievo
- Japanese: 安心 (anshin)
- Korean: 제고 (jego)
- Polish: ulga
- Portuguese: alívio
- Russian: облегчение
- Spanish: alivio
- Swedish: lättnad
- Telugu: ఉపశమనం (upaSamanam)
humanitarian aid or assistance
a type of artwork
elevations of the earth's surface
A relief is a sculptured artwork where a modeled form is raised (or alternatively lowered) from a flattened background without being disconnected from it. Reliefs are common throughout the world, for example on monumental buildings. The frieze in the classical Corinthian order is often enriched with bas-relief (low relief). Alto-relievo (high-relief) may been seen in the pediments of classical temples, e.g., the Parthenon. Occasionally, several reliefs together represent a sequence of events.
Types of relief
- Bas-relief (pronounced "bah relief") is where the overall depth of a projecting image is shallow. The background is compressed to such an extent it may be flat, as on coins.
- Alto-relief is where the image is highly undercut and rendered almost in the round against the background. Images are usually near natural depth. The background is detailed and deeper.
- Sunken-relief, also known as intaglio or hollow-relief, is where the "background" is flat, but is nearest the viewer, while the image is deeper, carved into the flat surface.
Famous examples of reliefs include:
- Mount Rushmore National Memorial, Keystone, South Dakota
- Great Altar of Pergamon, now at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin
- Lions and dragons from the Ishtar Gate, Babylon
- Temple of Karnak in Egypt
- Angkor Wat in Cambodia
- The images of the elephant, horse, bull and lion at the bottom of the Lion Capital of Asoka, the national symbol of India (the Capital itself is a full sculpture)
- glyphs and artwork of the Maya civilization
- The monument to the Confederacy at Stone Mountain, Georgia
- Borobudur temple, Java, Indonesia
- The Elgin Marbles from the Parthenon now housed at the British Museum.
- The representation of Monticello on a US nickel.
- The Madara Rider near Shumen, Bulgaria.
relief in Breton: Torosennadur
relief in Danish: Relief
relief in German: Relief (Kunst)
relief in Spanish: Relieve (arte)
relief in French: Relief
relief in Hebrew: תבליט
relief in Indonesian: Relief
relief in Italian: Bassorilievo
relief in Italian: Altorilievo
relief in Latvian: Cilnis
relief in Japanese: レリーフ
relief in Dutch: Reliëf (beeldhouwkunst)
relief in Polish: Relief
relief in Portuguese: Relevo (escultura)
relief in Russian: Рельеф (скульптура)
relief in Finnish: Reliefi
relief in Swedish: Relief
relief in Turkish: Kabartma
relief in Ukrainian: Барельєф
relief in Chinese: 浮雕
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